Mark Freeman: social and educational history of modern Britain

Papers presented



Current work in
history of

Other research

Other interests/links

My UCL Institute of Education webpage

List of publications

Authored books | Edited books/journals | Journal articles | Book chapters | Reviews | On-line

Authored books

Mark Freeman, Robin Pearson and James Taylor, Shareholder Democracies? Corporate Governance in Britain and Ireland before 1850 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012).
ISBN 978 0 226 26187 4.

Mark Freeman, St Albans: A History (Lancaster: Carnegie Publishing, 2008).
ISBN 978 1 85936 139 9 hardback. 978 1 85936 190 0 softback.

Mark Freeman, The Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust: A Study in Quaker Philanthropy and Adult Education 1904-1954 (York: William Sessions Ltd., 2004).
ISBN 1 85072 310 9.

Mark Freeman, Social Investigation and Rural England 1870-1914 (Woodbridge and Rochester, NY: Boydell and Brewer, February 2003). Royal Historical Society, Studies in History new series.
ISBN 0 86193 257 9.
Paperback edition (2011). ISBN 978 1 84383 644 5.

Authored pamphlets

Mark Freeman, Quaker Extension c. 1905-1930: The Yorkshire 1905 Committee (York: Borthwick Institute, University of York, 2008). Borthwick Paper 112.
ISBN 978 1 904497 23 3.

Edited books/journals

Robert Anderson, Mark Freeman and Lindsay Paterson (editors), The Edinburgh History of Education in Scotland (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2015). ISBN 978 0 7486 7915 7 (hardback) 978 0 7486 7916 4 (web-ready PDF).

Mark Freeman (editor), Sport, Health and the Body in the History of Education (Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2014). ISBN 978-1-138-82658-8. Originally published as a special issue of History of Education , vol. 41, no. 6 (2012).

Mark Freeman, Eleanor Gordon and Krista Maglen (editors), Medicine, Law and Public Policy in Scotland 1840-1980: Essays Presented to Anne Crowther (Dundee: Dundee University Press, 2011).
ISBN 978 1 84586 116 2.

Mark Freeman (editor), Education and Citizenship in Modern Scotland, special issue of History of Education, vol. 38, no. 3 (2009).

Mark Freeman and Gillian Nelson (editors), Vicarious Vagrants: Incognito Social Explorers and the Homeless in England 1850-1910 (Lambertville, NJ: True Bill Press, 2008).
ISBN 978 0 9791116 2 4.

Mark Freeman (editor), The English Rural Poor 1850-1914 (5 volumes, London: Pickering and Chatto, 2005).
ISBN 1 85196 822 9.

Robin Pearson (chief editor; James Taylor and Mark Freeman, contributing editors), The History of the Company: The Development of the Business Corporation, 1700-1914 (8 volumes, London: Pickering and Chatto, 2006 (vols. 1-4); 2007 (vols. 5-8)).
ISBN 1 85196 820 2 (vols. 1-4); 1 85196 821 0 (vols. 5-8).

Articles in refereed journals

Angela Bartie, Linda Fleming, Mark Freeman, Tom Hulme, Paul Readman and Charlotte Tupman, ‘“And those who live, how shall I tell their fame?” Historical Pageants, Collective Remembrance and the First World War 1919-1939', Historical Research (forthcoming).

Mark Freeman, 'Adult Education and Social Mobility in Nineteenth-Century Britain: A Case Study', History of Education Researcher, vol. 93 (2014), pp. 4-11.

Mark Freeman, '"Splendid Display; Pompous Spectacle": Historical Pageants in Twentieth-Century Britain', Social History, vol. 38 (2013), pp. 423-55.

Mark Freeman, '"An advanced type of democracy": The Governance and Politics of Educational Settlements in the 1920s', History of Education, vol. 42 (2013), pp. 45-69.

Mark Freeman, Robin Pearson and James Taylor, 'Law, Politics and the Governance of English and Scottish Joint-Stock Companies 1600-1850', Business History (forthcoming, 2013).

Mark Freeman, 'Seebohm Rowntree and Secondary Poverty 1899-1954', Economic History Review, vol. 64 (2011), pp. 1175-94.

Mark Freeman, 'From "Character-Training" to "Personal Growth": The Early History of Outward Bound 1941-1965', History of Education, vol. 40 (2011), pp. 21-43.

Mark Freeman, 'Muscular Quakerism? The Society of Friends and Youth Movements in Britain c.1900-1950', English Historical Review, vol. 125 (2010), pp. 642-69.

Mark Freeman, 'The Decline of the Adult School Movement between the Wars', History of Education, vol. 39 (2010), pp. 481-506. Erratum in History of Education, vol. 40 (2011), p. 133.

Mark Freeman, 'Fellowship, Service and the "Spirit of Adventure": The Religious Society of Friends and the Outdoors Movement in Britain c.1900-1950', Quaker Studies, vol. 14 (2009), pp. 72-92.

Mark Freeman and Louise Wannell, 'The Family and Community Lives of Older People after the Second World War: New Evidence from York', Local Population Studies, vol. 82 (2009), pp. 12-29.

Mark Freeman, Robin Pearson and James Taylor, 'Technological Change and the Governance of Joint-Stock Enterprise in the Early Nineteenth Century: The Case of Coastal Shipping', Business History, vol. 49 (2007), pp. 573-94.

Mark Freeman, Robin Pearson and James Taylor, '"Different and Better?" Scottish Joint-Stock Companies and the Law c.1720-1845', English Historical Review, vol. 122 (2007), pp. 61-81.

Mark Freeman, Robin Pearson and James Taylor, '"A Doe in the City": Women Shareholders in Early Nineteenth-Century Britain' , Accounting, Business and Financial History, vol. 16 (2006), pp. 265-91.

Mark Freeman, 'The Magic Lantern and the Cinema: Adult Schools, Educational Settlements and Secularisation in Britain, c. 1900-1950', Quaker Studies, vol. 11 (2007), pp. 192-203.

Mark Freeman, 'Folklore Collection and Social Investigation in Late-Nineteenth and Early-Twentieth Century England', Folklore, vol. 116 (2005), pp. 51-65.

Mark Freeman, '"Britain's Spiritual Life: How Can It Be Deepened?": Seebohm Rowntree, Russell Lavers and the "Crisis of Belief", c.1946-1954', Journal of Religious History, vol. 29 (2005), pp. 25-42.

Jonathan S. Davies and Mark Freeman, 'A Case of Political Philanthropy: The Rowntree Family and the Campaign for Democratic Reform', Quaker Studies, vol. 9 (2004), pp. 95-113.

Jonathan S. Davies and Mark Freeman, 'Education for Citizenship: The Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust and the Educational Settlement Movement', History of Education, vol. 32 (2003), pp. 303-18.

Mark Freeman, 'Victorian Philanthropy and the Rowntrees: The Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust', Quaker Studies, vol. 7 (2003), pp. 193-213.

Mark Freeman, 'The Provincial Social Survey in Edwardian Britain', Historical Research, vol. 75 (2002), pp. 73-89.

Mark Freeman, '"No Finer School than a Settlement": The Development of the Educational Settlement Movement', History of Education, vol. 31 (2002), pp. 245-62.

Mark Freeman, 'Rider Haggard and Rural England: Methods of Social Enquiry in the English Countryside', Social History, vol. 26 (2001), pp. 209-16.

Mark Freeman, '"Journeys into Poverty Kingdom": Complete Participation and the British Vagrant 1866-1914', History Workshop Journal, vol. 52 (2001), pp. 99-121.

Mark Freeman and Zoe Bliss, 'The Measurement of Interwar Poverty: Notes on a Sample from the Second Survey of York', History and Computing, vol. 13 (2001, PUBLISHED 2004), pp. 199-205.

Mark Freeman, 'The Agricultural Labourer and the Hodge Stereotype c.1850-1914', Agricultural History Review, vol. 49 (2001), pp. 172-86.

Mark Freeman, 'Employment in the Islay Distilleries, 1841-1914', Scottish Labour History, vol. 35 (2000, PUBLISHED 2001), pp. 55-67.

Chapters in edited collections

Mark Freeman, ‘Quakers and Enterprise: Overview', in Stephen W. Angell and Pink Dandelion (eds), Quakers, Technology and Industry (Philadelphia: Friends Association for Higher Education, forthcoming, 2017).

Mark Freeman, ‘St Albans in 1914', in Jonathan Mein, Anne Wares and Sue Mann (eds), St Albans: Life on the Home Front 1914-1918 (Hatfield: Hertfordshire Publications, forthcoming, 2016).

Angela Bartie, Linda Fleming, Mark Freeman, Tom Hulme and Paul Readman, ‘Commemoration through Dramatic Performance: Historical Pageants and the Age of Anniversaries 1905-1920', in Thomas Otte (ed.), The Age of Anniversaries: The Cult of Commemoration (Aldershot, Ashgate, forthcoming).

Angela Bartie, Linda Fleming, Mark Freeman, Tom Hulme and Paul Readman, ‘Performing the Past: Identity, Civic Culture and Historical Pageants in Twentieth-Century Small Towns', in Luda Klusakova (ed.),  Small Towns in Europe and Beyond: 20th-21st Century  (Prague: Karolinum Press, Charles University, forthcoming, 2016).

Mark Freeman, ‘Seebohm Rowntree', in George Ritzer (general editor), The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology (second edition, London : Wiley Blackwell, forthcoming).

Mark Freeman, Tom Woodin and Susannah Wright, ‘ History of Education (UK)', in J. L. Huerta Hernández, A. Cagnolati and A. Diestro Fernández (eds), Connecting History of Education: Scientific Journals as International Tools for a Global World (Salamanca: FahrenHouse, 2015), pp. 105-11.

Mark Freeman, 'Quakers, Business and Philanthropy', in Stephen W. Angell and Pink Dandelion (eds), Oxford Handbook of Quaker Studies (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), pp. 420-33.

Mark Freeman, 'The Outer London Inquiry Committee 1905-1908: A Study in Edwardian Social Investigation', in Rosemary O'Day (ed.), Social Investigation Re-Investigated: Essays in Honour of David Englander (Aldershot: Ashgate, forthcoming).

Mark Freeman, Robin Pearson and James Taylor, 'Between Madam Bubble and Kitty Lorimer: women investors in British and Irish stock companies', in Anne Laurence, Josephine Maltby and Jeanette Rutterford (eds), Women and Their Money 1700-1950: Essays on Women and Finance (London: Routledge, 2008), pp. 95-114.

Mark Freeman, 'Brewing and Distilling', 'Settlements', 'Taxation' and 'Thomson, William', in Pendergast, Tom, and Sara Pendergast (eds), James Eli Adams, editor-in-chief, The Encyclopaedia of the Victorian Era (4 volumes, Danbury, Connecticut: Grolier Academic Press, 2004), vol. 1, pp. 157-9; vol. 3, pp. 379-81; vol. 4, pp. 52-4, 85.

Mark Freeman, '"The Life of Society": The Public Role of the Social Historian', in Pat Hudson (ed.), Living Economic and Social History (Glasgow: Economic History Society, 2001), pp. 98-101.

Mark Freeman, 'Investigating Rural Poverty 1870-1914: Problems of Conceptualisation and Methodology' in Jonathan Bradshaw and Roy Sainsbury (eds), Getting the Measure of Poverty: The Early Legacy of Seebohm Rowntree (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000), pp. 255-74.

Mark Freeman, 'The Understanding of Rural Poverty 1870-1914', Economic History Society Annual Conference Programme 1999, pp. 61-66.

Datasets, websites, etc.

Angela Bartie, Linda Fleming, Mark Freeman, Tom Hulme and Paul Readman, ‘The Redress of the Past: Historical Pageants in Britain 1905-2016':

Robin Pearson, Mark Freeman and James Taylor, ‘Constructing the Company: Governance and Procedures in British and Irish Joint-Stock Companies 1720-1844' (2007): ESDS, study number 5622. 

Review articles, etc.

Mark Freeman, Nicola Verdon and Andrew Hinde, 'News from the Universities: Universities of Glasgow, Sheffield Hallam and Southampton', Local Population Studies, vol. 90 (2013), pp. 74-7.

Mark Freeman and Julian Greaves, 'Review of Periodical Literature Published in 2007: (v) 1850-1945', Economic History Review, vol. 62 (2009), pp. 186-95.

Mark Freeman, 'News from the Universities: University of Glasgow', Local Population Studies, vol. 80 (2008), pp. 90-2.

Mark Freeman and Julian Greaves, 'Review of Periodical Literature Published in 2006: (v) 1850-1945', Economic History Review, vol. 61 (2008), pp. 216-24.

Mark Freeman and Julian Greaves, 'Review of Periodical Literature Published in 2005: (v) 1850-1945', Economic History Review, vol. 60 (2007), pp. 174-83.

Mark Freeman, 'Clio-biography': review of Eric Hobsbawm, Interesting Times: A Twentieth-Century Life (London: Allen Lane, 2002); Harold Perkin, The Making of a Social Historian (London: Athena Press, 2002); David Rubinstein, But He'll Remember: An Autobiography (York: William Sessions, 1999); John Saville, Memoirs from the Left (London: Merlin Press, 2003): Cultural and Social History, vol. 1 (2004), pp. 333-40.

Book reviews

All reviews are sole-authored

Stephanie Olsen, Juvenile Nation: Youth, Emotions and the Making of the Modern British Citizen 1880-1914 (London: Bloomsbury, 2014): History of Education (forthcoming).

Lawrence Goldman, The Life of R. H. Tawney: Socialism and History (London: Bloomsbury, 2013): Social History (forthcoming).

Ken C. Ogilvie, Roots and Wings: A History of Outdoor Education and Outdoor Learning in the UK (Lyme Regis: Russell House Publishing, 2013): History of Education, vol. 44 (2015), pp. 527-8.

John Field, Working Men's Bodies: Work Camps in Britain 1880-1940 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2013): History of Education, vol. 44 (2015), pp. 249-51.

Paul Chrystal, The Rowntree Family of York: A Social History (Pickering: Blackthorn Press, 2013): Quaker Studies, vol. 19 (2015), pp. 307-9.

Cynthia Brown, A Blessing to the Town: 150 Years of Vaughan College, Leicester (Leicester: University of Leicester Institute of Lifelong Learning, 2012): History of Education vol. 43 (2014), pp. 273-5.

Roderick Floud, Robert W. Fogel, Bernard Harris and Sok Chul Hong, The Changing Body: Health, Nutrition and Human Development in the Western World since 1700 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011): Local Population Studies, vol. 90 (2013), pp. 87-8.

Matthew Cragoe and Paul Readman (eds), The Land Question in Britain 1750-1950 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010): Local Population Studies, vol. 90 (2013), pp. 83-5.

Gary McCulloch, The Struggle for the History of Education (London: Routledge, 2011): History of Education Researcher, vol. 90 (2012), pp. 120-2.

Nick Veevers and Pete Allison, Kurt Hahn: Inspirational, Visionary, Outdoor and Experiential Educator (Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2011): History of Education, vol. 41 (2012), pp. 563-5.

David Short (ed.), An Historical Atlas of Hertfordshire (Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press, 2011): Local Population Studies, vol. 88 (2012), pp. 117-19.

Michael Lynch (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Scottish History (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011 [1st ed. 2001]): Local Population Studies, vol. 88 (2012), pp. 111-13.

Elisabeth Alley, Discovering New Earswick 2000-2007: Essays from the New Earswick Bulletin (York: William Sessions Ltd, 2009): Quaker Studies, vol. 16 (2012), pp. 223-4.

Katharine Bradley, Poverty, Philanthropy and the State: Charities and the Working Classes in London 1918-79 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2009): Cultural and Social History, vol. 7 (2010), pp. 411-13.

Paul Readman, Land and Nation in England: Patriotism, National Identity, and the Politics of Land 1880-1914 (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2008): Rural History, vol. 20 (2009), pp. 250-1.

Kathleen Callanan Martin, Hard and Unreal Advice: Mothers, Social Science and the Victorian Poverty Experts (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008): Victorian Studies, vol. 51 (2009), pp. 577-9.

Joyce Miller and Miles Tubb, Here's Tae Us: A Social History of Drinking in Edinburgh (Edinburgh: Living Memory Association, 2007): Social History of Alcohol and Drugs, vol, 23 (2009), p. 194.

Neville Kirk, Custom and Conflict in the 'Land of the Gael': Ballachulish 1900-1910 (Monmouth: Merlin Press, 2007): English Historical Review, vol. 124 (2009), pp. 746-7.

Elizabeth T. Hurren, Protesting about Pauperism: Poverty, Politics and Poor Relief in Late-Victorian England 1870-1900 (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2007): Agricultural History Review, vol. 56 (2008), pp. 234-5.

Nigel Scotland, Squires in the Slums: Settlements and Missions in Late Victorian Britain (London: I. B. Tauris, 2007): Cultural and Social History, vol. 5 (2008), pp. 374-5.

K. D. M. Snell, Parish and Belonging: Community, Identity and Welfare in England and Wales 1700-1950 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006): Economic History Review, vol. 61 (2008), pp. 735-6.

Margaret Simey, From Rhetoric to Reality: A Study of the Work of F. G. D'Aeth, Social Administrator (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2005): History, vol. 92 (2007), p. 272.

Barry Reay, Rural Englands: Labouring Lives in the Ninteenth Century (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 2004): Cultural and Social History vol. 3 (2006), pp. 512-14.

Andrew G. Newby, The Life and Times of Edward McHugh (1853-1915), Land Reformer, Trade Unionist, and Labour Activist (Lampeter, Lewiston, NY, and Queenston, Ontario: Edwin Mellen Press, 2004): Journal of Scottish Historical Studies, vol. 1 (2005), pp. 71-3.

Jeremy Burchardt, The Allotment Movement in England, 1793-1873 (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2002): Economic History Review,vol. 57 (2005), p. 780.

Alun Howkins, The Death of Rural England: A Social History of the Countryside since 1900 (London: Routledge, 2003): Continuity and Change, vol. 19 (2004), pp. 318-19.

Richard Rodger, The Transformation of Edinburgh: Land, Property and Trust in the Nineteenth Century (Cambridge: CUP, 2001): Business History Review, vol. 77 (2003), pp. 365-7.

Thomas C. Kennedy, British Quakerism 1860-1920: The Transformation of a Religious Community (Oxford: OUP, 2001): History, vol. 88 (2003), p. 158.

Public engagement

Mark Freeman, 'Shaping the Codes: Place History, Stories and Tales', in Look! St Albans: Design Workshop Report (London: Prince's Foundation for Building Community, forthcoming, 2013), pp. 18-21.

Notes and book reviews in St Albans and Hertfordshire Architectural and Archaeological Society Newsletter. Occasional contributions to Herts Advertiser and History of Education Researcher, and blog posts for

On-line publications/teaching resources

Mark Freeman, Quantitative Skills for Historians (London: Institute of Historical Research/Higher Education Academy, 2010). Online and print publication. ISBN 978-0-9564603-0-1.

Mark Freeman, 'Quantification and History', Learning and Teaching Support Network (LTSN) Overnight Experts series:

Mark Freeman, 'Educational Settlements' (2004), The Encyclopedia of Informal Education

Mark Freeman, 'Social Status', 'Urbanisation' and 'Using the Census for Local History', pilot units for the Collection of Historical and Contemporary Census Data and Related Material (CHCC) project 'British History and the Census':

Publications in which my research assistance is acknowledged

Michael S. Moss, J. Forbes Munro and Richard H. Trainor, University, City and State: The University of Glasgow since 1870 (Edinburgh: EUP, 2000).

Richard Trainor, 'The Middle Class', in Martin Daunton (ed.), The Cambridge Urban History of Britain, Volume III: 1840-1950 (Cambridge: CUP, 2000), pp. 673-713.

Richard H. Trainor, 'The "Decline" of British Urban Governance since 1850: A Reassessment', in Robert J. Morris & Richard H. Trainor (eds.), Urban Governance: Britain and Beyond since 1750 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000), pp. 28-46.

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